There are three relevant barriers that may be preventing SMEs from proceeding with the performance of energy audits and consequent implementation of energy efficiency measures.
The first is financial, since there is a need for an initial investment to perform the energy audit as well as to implement the energy efficiency measures that often these companies are not able to do.
The second is related to technical issues and the human resources that make it possible to carry out the necessary technical analysis, specialization, or financial feasibility that all projects must have.
Finally, we must consider ‘energy illiteracy’ or lack of knowledge on the part of the companies’ managing directors who are not aware of what can be done, who they can turn to, what measures can be implemented, or the direct and indirect benefits that result from the implementation of energy efficiency measures.
The mechanisms to be adopted must help to overcome the previously identified barriers. From a financial point of view, companies can use banking directly, Energy Services Companies (ESCOs) that are available to make investments, and other more innovative mechanisms, such as crowdfunding platforms that charge reduced commissions to raise the money needed to implement the energy efficiency measures.
More recently, with the availability of community support lines due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many European countries provide support and financing lines for the implementation of these measures.
At a technical level, there are several options that can be used. The first one is related to the training of human resources and the possibility for the company’s technicians to obtain specific training on energy efficiency. Alternatively, it is possible to use outside consulting companies, that can provide this as a paid service. It is also possible that the ESCOs themselves provide this support, but in this case the know-how will always be on the side of the external service provider.
In terms of energy literacy, it is our understanding that national entities, as is the case with energy agencies, can play an important role in the dissemination of best practices in these matters and engage with SME management directly.
This is a job that cannot be done in a short period of time. It is continuous work that takes constant effort to communicate and try to transmit the added value of promoting energy efficiency. If there is anything that can be passed on to stakeholders, it is innovation. Innovation can break with the current paradigm, the advantages of energy efficiency are obvious with the reduction of energy bill costs, it is therefore important to communicate in another way, to innovate, to be able to transmit ideas in a better way to the stakeholders.
It is important to work on the barriers identified and in this sense the project contains the necessary activities, both from the main energy efficiency measures’ point of view, considering the companies’ size, as well as the development of a set of communication and training actions to communicate the added values.
The proximity policy proposed by the project seems to us to be one of the main measures envisaged here, that is, it is necessary not only to communicate these advantages, but also to ensure its implementation and monitor their evolution as far as possible.
We also consider relevant the proposal of recommendations at the policy level, that can effectively lead to legislative changes if they occur to streamline the process necessary to implement energy efficiency measures.
Finally, it is important to exchange experiences at a European level, since there are different viewpoints and this exchange of ideas can be extremely positive, so that the best practices can be replicated in other Member States.
Manuel has a degree in Civil Engineering and a Post-Graduation course in management and business strategy. Since 2001 he has developed projects and management for several construction companies, and in 2007 joined ADENE Building Department as an auditor checking the quality of the EPC issued by qualified experts under the National Certification System for Energy. He has participated in several European projects as well as in some groups that are part of the network of European Energy Agencies (EnR Network). Up until 2017 he developed and coordinated several projects in the field of energy efficiency, always focusing on information technologies and the development of web portals. In 2017, he developed a tool to help consumers better understand the liberalized electricity and natural gas market and to evaluate the savings that can be obtained by changing tariffs and/or suppliers. Currently he is the director of the programs and initiatives area whose main functions are the operationalization of the public administration resource efficiency program, renewable energy communities, as well as energy poverty.